9 Basic Element of Design

//9 Basic Element of Design

9 Basic Element of Design

Elements of Design are the components which can be isolated and defined in any visual design or work of art. The structure and carry the work. Following are the nine elements of design which are common throughout the field of designing.


Element of Design - Arena surat

1. Point/Mark

  • A point and mark are the most basic and smallest element.
  • It can vary in value, size, regularity or irregularity and can be used alone as a unit in a group.
  • Marks can be used to form a pattern or value or delineate space.


2. Line

  • A line is a form with length and width, but with no depth.
  • Artist uses lines to create edges the outlines of objects.
  • A direction of a line can convey mood.
  • Broadly lines can be categorized into 3 types


      Horizontal: A horizontal line is calm and quiet.

      Vertical: A vertical line suggests more of a potential for movement.

      Diagonal: Diagonal line strongly suggest movements and give more of a feeling of the vitality of a picture


Click on Below Video: Element of Design


3. Shape

  • A shape is defined as an area that is out from the space next to or around it due to a specified or implied boundary, or because of differences in color, value, or texture.
  • Shape is formed when a line encloses an area.
  • Shapes have two dimensions, width and length and can be geometric or free-form.


Click on Below Video: Graphic Design Element


4. Forms

  • Forms describe mass and volume, or the 3D aspects of objects that take up space.
  • Forms should be viewed from different angles.
  • For example: When you hold a baseball or a small sculpture, you are aware of their angles, curves, indentations, and edges.


5. Space

  • Space is a 3D volume that can be empty or filled with objects. It has a width, height, and depth.
  • Space that appears three- dimensional in a 2D painting is an illusion that creates a feeling of actual depth.
  • Many techniques can be used to show such space or visual depth, for example, linear perspective, overlapping, etc
  • Example of Overlapping


6. Color

  • Color has three properties.

The first is hue, which is the name of the colors.

  • The primary hue is Red, Yellow and Blue
  • Secondary colors are made by mixing the two primaries.
  • Intermediate colors are mixtures of a primary and adjacent secondary color.
  • The second property is value, which refers to the darkness or lightness of a hue.
  • The third property is Intensity, which refers to the purity of the hue also known as “Chroma”.


7. Texture

  • Texture refers to the surface quality, both actual and simulated, of artwork.
  • Websites and graphic design to rely on the look and impression of texture on the screen.
  • Textures can create a more 3D appearance on this 2D surface.
  • It also helps build an immersive world.


8. Typography

  • Perhaps the most critical part of web design and the graphic is typography.
  • Like texture, color and shapes, the fonts you use show readers you are a serious online news magazine, a funny food blog or a vintage tea tins shop. Words and style both are essential.


9. Balance

There are two schools of balance:

1. Symmetry

2. Asymmetry

While most designers, artists, and creative folks much prefer asymmetry for its eye-catching nature, symmetry does have its place.