What is Limited Animation?

//What is Limited Animation?

Limited animation is a process of creating animated cartoons using traditional animation technique that does not redraw the whole frames but variably reuses common parts between frames.


Limited animation makes use of special animation techniques to limit the trouble concerned in producing the complete animation so that not each frame needs to be drawn on an individual basis. When producing anywhere from 20 minutes to 2 hours of animated film at 12-24 frames per second, that may stack up to thousands or perhaps lots of individual drawings. Even with a full animation team during a large-scale production company, this will be nearly impossibly labour-intensive.

Click on below Video: Limited Animation


So animators make use of Limited animation techniques, that involve reusing all or parts of existing animated frames while drawing new frames only if necessary. You will typically see this a lot of prominently illustrated in Japanese animation; in fact, it’s one of the reasons that people usually claim Japanese animation is inferior to American animation, whether or not American animation also frequently makes use of Limited animation techniques. It’s simply a bit little obvious regarding it.

Limited Animation

Limited Animation Techniques

Techniques used to produce Cartoons on a lower Budget included:

1. Cels and sequences of cels used repeatedly – animators just had to draw a character walking once.

Click on below video: Limited Animation Walk Cycle


2. Characters are divided up into different levels – only portions of a character such as a mouth or an arm will be animated on top of a static cel.

3. Expert choice of camera angles and editing.

4. Use of camera techniques such as panning that help to suggest movement. A great implementation of this is the “crash” technique, which includes the camera shaking rapidly up and down or back and forth to simulate a shock wave.

5. Cel reversal (Using a mirror image of the cell to represent the opposite angle). Many cartoon characters are drawn to expedite the technique.

6. Smear animation – movement is rapid and portrayed in only three frames: The Beginning and the ending state and a blur frame related to that of a picture taken with a camera that had a low shutter speed.

7. Silhouette help to avoid having to keep track of shading on an animated object or character.

8. Sliding a cel over a background area to suggest the movement.

9. The visual elements were made subsidiary to audio elements so that verbal humor and voice talent became essential factors for success.

10. Stock footage: Sequences that are reused frequently. This is the case of the character transformations in the magical girl’s subgenre of Japanese anime series. Filmation used this strategy for much of its productions and Hanna-Barbera often used it if necessary.

11. Chuckimation is another notoriously low-budget technique, moves various “animated” figures by hand or by throwing them across space. Most commonly used with stop motion animation, it does not allow for characters mouths to move.

12. Extensive recaps of previous episodes or parts, to cut down on the amount of new material required.


Examples of Limited Animation

Animated cartoons which made use of limited animation include Rooty Toot Toot, Mister Magoo, MCBoing-Boing, The Rocky and Bullwinkle show, The Pink Panther, Little Einsteins, Kinnikuman and Clutch Cargo.

Click on below Video: Like a River Run


For students who are interested to learn more on Limited Animation in Surat and would like to experience and practice on a more professional level, please sign up today for our Animation Course.